Agricultural and Food Biotechnology of Olea europaea and by Innocenzo Muzzalupo, Sabrina Micali

By Innocenzo Muzzalupo, Sabrina Micali

The reference provides precise learn at the olive (Olea europaea) and the stone fruit. Readers will know about the biotechnology, plant foodstuff, plant breeding, pomology, postharvest body structure, plant pathology of those plant species. In a pragmatic experience, the ebook additionally provides appropriate agricultural wisdom approximately those crops for crop development, construction, foodstuff, pest administration, ailment, genetic, genomic and the nutrition industry.

The contributions via the authors of this e-book contain descriptions concerning the manipulation of variables and genetic assets of inheritance of quantitative genes, crop rotation, soil water, and the impression of temperature on crop creation. features reminiscent of retaining plants opposed to pests and ailments when making sure the security of human wellbeing and fitness also are taken into account.

This is a precious reference for college students, scientists, horticulturists and, as a rule, for someone wishing to procure wisdom and event with olives and drupes to extend productiveness.

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This index, with opportune calculations, is useful to compile the crop water balance, such as a comparison among the entity of the rain input and the losses of damp by evapo-transpiration, and determine the water deficit or excess in the different periods of the year, to establish watering volumes. For the calculation of the water amounts to be used in an olive-orchard, formulas based on climatic data, such as the raininess and the potential evapo-transpiration (ETP) are used in adopting different cultural coefficients, varying according to the tree spacing, the age and shape of trees, and the season.

The time of pruning also influences the plant response. Removing shoots at bud break results in a much more vigorous growth of the remaining shoots than if the same operation were performed at the beginning of the summer. In late summer a second pruning must be performed, to eliminate suckers and water sprouts within the canopy [73, 74]. To achieve the best results, pruning must be rationally managed, and based on the harvesting system. According to the kind of mechanical harvest adopted, with shakers or mechanized tools, the shape of trees must be built in completely opposite form: for shakers, the canopy must have relatively short and erect and rigid shoots, to favor the transmission of vibrations to the drupes; while in case of manual tools, the pruning must bring up longer and pending fruiting shoots, to facilitate combing of the canopy [75, 76].

The goal should be to stabilize the agricultural system for a long time, not to reach the highest possible annual production. 2. Phytosanitary Control in Olive Growing A modern phytosanitary control in olive growing should be based on the safeguarding of the environment. The concept of sustainable agriculture to date has been strongly supported promoting an agricultural development based on environmental respect. Common Agricultural Policy is the main supporter of sustainable agriculture and thanks to its recommendations, a strong increment of organic and integrated olive orchards has been registered in Europe.

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