Biotechnology

Agricultural Biotechnology in China: Origins and Prospects by Valerie J. Karplus

By Valerie J. Karplus

Over the final thirty years, China has built one of many world’s biggest public learn courses in agricultural biotechnology. development on a protracted culture of agricultural advances, chinese language scientists have utilized biotechnology strategies to improve 1000s of novel crop forms fitted to neighborhood farming stipulations and demanding situations.

Agricultural Biotechnology in China: Origins and Prospects is a complete exam of ways the origins of biotechnology study agendas, besides the effectiveness of the seed supply approach and biosafety oversight, support to provide an explanation for present styles of crop improvement and adoption in China. in accordance with firsthand insights from China’s laboratories and farms, Valerie Karplus and Dr. Xing Wang Deng discover the results of China’s funding for the nation’s rural improvement, environmental footprint, in addition to its international clinical and fiscal competitiveness.

About the Authors

Valerie J. Karplus graduated from Yale college in 2002 with a Bachelor of technological know-how measure in Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry and Political technology. She lived in China for 2 years, the place she researched the advance and influence of agricultural biotechnology in China whereas established on the China Agricultural collage (2002-2003) and nationwide Institute of organic Sciences, Beijing (2005-2006). at present she is pursuing graduate examine on the Massachusetts Institute of expertise.

Dr. Xing Wang Deng is the Daniel C. Eaton Professor of Plant Biology at Yale college. His medical paintings specializes in the molecular and genomic foundation for plant improvement and agricultural biotechnology. He additionally serves because the co-director of the nationwide Institute of organic Sciences, Beijing and the founding director of the Peking-Yale Joint learn heart of Plant Molecular Genetics and Agro-biotechnology. He leads a study group that has released good over 100 peer-reviewed articles in his zone of research.

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Extra info for Agricultural Biotechnology in China: Origins and Prospects

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Yet his work was not able to explain exactly how advantageous characteristics were transmitted from parents to offspring. Breeding for Higher Yields 19 It was not until the 1850s when the work of a plant scientist and monk, Gregor Mendel, began to reveal this mysterious relationship. By observing the traits of thousands of pea plants over several generations, Mendel discovered that traits disappear and reappear over successive generations in a predictable fashion. Mendel observed that two parents with different forms of a particular trait, such as round or wrinkled peas, produced offspring with only one of the forms, but the “disappearing” form would reappear in the subsequent (third) generation.

C Springer 2008 27 28 3 Transformation in China’s Agriculture in the Twentieth Century Fig. 1 Overview of agricultural policy and technology development in China during the pre-reform period. China had little industrial capacity outside of a few major cities (Huang, 1998). In contrast to the Soviet Union, with its highly centralized leadership and high proportion of urban residents, China’s new government had to elicit the cooperation of a vast and diffuse rural population. As a result, many policies to promote industrialization adapted from the Soviet Union had unique character and outcomes in China.

From Darwin’s Islands to Mendel’s Garden The tide of inventiveness in the 1800s left in its wake new academic disciplines and many unanswered questions. A major dilemma in the emerging discipline of biology was how to explain the great diversity of life on earth. In the 1830s, Charles Darwin traveled to several of the Galapagos Islands off the coast of Ecuador, where he conducted extensive studies on the mating behavior and evolution of finches. He discovered that birds isolated on different islands had evolved into distinct species.

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