Apatani Grammar by P. T Abraham

By P. T Abraham

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The pig got burns' Locative: The locative case sign is 'o'. But it always occurs with any of the determiners (See, also the section on deixis). If the noun phrase is not specified then it occurs with the generic marker 'k' . As already mentioned, determiners are 'si' and 'hi'. As a result the fusion of the locative case sign with the determiner/ generic marker, they function as a single unit. The different forms are given below: si + o -•> so 'indicates location in proximity' hi + o —> ho 'indicates location in remoteness' k —• ko 'indicates location without specifying any spatial situation' + o The locative noun phrase indicates the location of the event/action identified by the verb.

The list below: In the vicinity of the speaker Not in the vicinity of the speaker nu 'who' huna 'who' ni 'what' nina 'what' See APATANI GRAMMAR/31 nihi 'which' nihina 'which' For the interrogative - no 'where (in the vicinity of the speaker)', the non-vicinity counterpart is formed by suffixing '-ho' as below: no 'where1 noho 'where' The other interrogatives are nit an what sort' nitampa how' nimpa why ' nido when ' nihe how many (countable)' ninkane how much (uncountable)' Among the above interrogative pronouns, 'ni' functions as the interrogative morpheme, except - hu 'who'.

Water flows' kago mo mi dambine. Kago he ace. t. 'Kago beat him' emo mi tarn rilorijabine. paddy ace. t. binewoman ace. t. 'lightening killed the woman' yalyo haya duku • Yalyo hungry exist-asp. 'Yalyo is hungry' nika anu hi bisone. I-gen. younger brother det. t. 'my younger brother got frightened' nika lapyo si aha do• I-gen. palm det. itching sensation exist 'I have itching sensation on my palm' hime si oho doboy det. be tall exist 'the boy is tall' Accusative: The accusative case sign is 'mi'.

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