Grammar

Appositive relative clauses in English : discourse functions by Rudy Loock

By Rudy Loock

This publication sheds new gentle on Appositive Relative Clauses (ARCs), a constitution that's normally studied from a in basic terms syntactic perspective, towards Determinative (or Restrictive) Relative Clauses (DRCs). during this quantity, ARCs are tested from a discourse/pragmatic perspective, independently of DRCs, which will supply a good definition of the constitution. After a presentation of the morphosyntactic, semantic and pragmatic features of ARCs, a taxonomy in their services in discourse is confirmed for either written and spoken English in line with the result of a corpus-based research. Constraints are then outlined inside an information-packaging method of syntactic buildings to teach why audio system decide upon ARCs over different competing allostructures, i.e. syntactic constructions that fulfil comparable discourse features (e.g. nominal appositives, self reliant clauses, adverbials, noun premodifiers, topicalization). the result is a deeper realizing of the richness of ARCs of their traditional contexts of use.

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A house which he’ll move into in June he bought. Chapter 1. Definitions and previous studies This contrast in syntactic possibilities reveals a difference depending on the kind of indefinite antecedent. But does this mean that the RC in (123) is determinative and the RC in (124) appositive? g. Fuchs & Rivière 1987) have found is to distinguish contrastive DRCs (125) and non-constrastive DRCs (126): (125) People who smoke low-tar cigarettes tend to inhale more deeply, bringing particles to the smallest and most vulnerable tissues in the lungs where these cancers start.

For Emonds (1979), this is another argument in favor of a connection between ARCs and independent clauses. The interpretation of adverbs thus tends to show that ARCs are interpreted like main clauses, not embedded clauses. (v) Jack met the king from England, and I met the one from France. (vi) *Jack met the king of England, and I met the one of France. 4 ARCs as independent sentences. In the case of sentential relatives, the sentential antecedent and the RC can be separated into two different sentences.

The two RCs react differently to the following tests: i. Punctuation insertion between the antecedent and the RC: (123) a. /#I’d like a book, which deals with the Civil War. (124) b. He bought a house, which he’ll move into in June. ii. Replacement of the RC with a coordinated clause: (123) b. /#I’d like a book and it deals with the Civil War. (124) c. He bought a house and he’ll move into it in June. iii. Replacement of the block antecedent+RC with a proper name: (123) c. I’d like The American Civil War.

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