By Susan Merrill Squier
There's a forgotten heritage to our present debates over reproductive expertise - one interweaving literature and technological know-how, profoundly gendered, choked with offerings and struggles. We pay a value after we settle for sleek reproductive know-how as a systematic leap forward with no earlier. infants in Bottles retrieves a few of that heritage by way of studying the literary and renowned technological know-how writings of Julian Huxley, J.B.S. Haldane, Charlotte Haldane, Aldous Huxley, and Naomi Mitchison - writings that come with representations of reproductive expertise from infants in bottles to surrogate moms. it's to those photos, fantasies, practices, and narratives of medical intervention in copy that we needs to glance if we wish to comprehend what acts of ideological building were performed, and are at the moment being played, within the identify of reproductive expertise. Susan Merrill Squier indicates how the resourceful development of reproductive expertise is helping to form our modern practices. Susan Merrill Squier is Julia Gregg Brill Professor in Women's reports and English on the Pennsylvania kingdom collage, college Park. She is the writer of Virginia Woolf and London: The Sexual Politics of the town, editor of ladies Writers and the town: Essays in Feminist Literary feedback, and co-editor of palms and the lady: conflict, Gender, and Literary illustration.
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Additional info for Babies in bottles: twentieth-century visions of reproductive technology
I thank Jacqueline Rose and Rachel Bowlby for the opportunity to present part of Chapter 1 at the Cultural Studies Program of the University of Sussex on 6June 1990, and Miriam Diaz-Diocaretz and the organizers of the International Conference on Women, Culture, and the Arts in Dubrovnik on 16-20 April 1990, for the opportunity to present part of Chapter 3. For social as well as intellectual sustenance in London I wish to thank Marina Benjamin, Madeline and Ian Crispin, Lesley Hall, Maggie Humm, Bonnie Kime Scott, and Eve Stoddard.
4 Page 2 1 The Sunday Mail Imagines Ectogenesis These images of babies in bottlesjust a small sample of the contemporary traffic in such representationsprovide a framework for the arguments I make in this book. 6If we spend a little time teasing out the implications of these images of babies in bottles, we can see that they all enact the fantasy of the womb as a see-through container for the previously in- Page 3 2 A Fanciful Baby in a Bottle, from New Age visible fetus, but they differ in the meanings they attach to it, whether explicitly or implicitly.
The ideas that reproduce themselves in our communications never reproduce themselves exactly. . [I]deas are always enunciated in an environment of other ideas, in contexts already occupied by other thoughts and images" (Reproducing the Future, 6). My opening discussion of the images of babies in bottles reflects the basic tenet of domaining: that the same reproductive image can have very different implications depending on the domain within which it appears and the ideological work that it is doing.