By Manju Sharma, Renu Swarup (auth.), Professor Tarun K. Ghose, Professor Purnendu Ghosh, S. K. Basu, D. Bhardwaj, V. S. Chauhan, N. Dhar, B. N. Johri, J. P. Khurana, A. Mukhopadhyay, G. Padmanaban, A. Sharma, M. Sharma, R. Swarup, A. K. Tyagi, J. S. Virdi (
The biotechnology enterprise in India with a rise from USD 500 million in 1997 and attaining an expected USD I billion subsequent 12 months wellbeing and fitness comparable prod ucts accounting for 60%, agro and veterinary items jointly 15%, and con tract R&D, reagents, units and offers including as much as the remainder 25% of which the diagnostics percentage used to be approximately 10% of the whole absolutely offered an encouraging photo even 5 years in the past. whereas volumes have elevated, the pat tern has no longer. in accordance with a record, ready via McKinsey & Co, India's Phar maceutical together with household and export revenues and agreement providers totals approximately USD five billion. additionally, the corporate confidently tasks the expansion to an element of 5 fold provided that either the and the govt. may be able to installed position achieveable ideas that needs to look after the formida ble hindrances fighting extra development. If this review is true, then the demonstrated transformation made by means of IT development also needs to give you the confi dence required via the excessive expectancies for biotechnology that have arisen within the nation lately. a few participants to this are overenthusiastic those are bureaucrats, a few retired scientists and naturally the complacent politicians who've the least wisdom of what the recent biotechnology is all approximately. even though, there are transparent symptoms of biotechnology progress demon strated via a couple of yet swiftly increasing biotech businesses resembling Biocon Ltd, Shantha Biotech (P) Lid, Dr.
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Two hepatitis C diagnostic tests and a prototype vaccine for rotaviral diarrhoea have been developed and validated. Special projects for development of edible vaccines for rabies and cholera are in an advanced stage. An ELISA-based diagnosis system has been validated for Japanese encephalitis towards technology transfer. Another diagnosis test system for H. pylori is being validated. Eight test systems for diagnosis of dengue, hepatitis and reproductive hormones have been transferred to the industries.
A number of biopesticide technologies has been developed through this programme. Four fermentor-based technologies have been transferred to the industry. 5 Animal Biotechnology Animal husbandry is an important source of self employment and subsidiary occupation in rural and semiurban areas, especially for people living in drought prone, hilly, tribal and other poorly developed areas where crop production alone may not fully sustain them. 8% in the diary sector and 15% in the poultry sector. The per capita availability of milk has increased from 140 grams in 1947 to 195 grams today .
The programme envisages three collaborative steps. 1 Production and Demonstration This involves the production, demonstration and utilization of bioenergy crops, to serve as a feedstock for production of bioenergy and biofuels. Demonstration is the most important aspect as the success of bioengineering production depends largely on the supply of the feedstock and its proper utilization. 2 Alternative Sources of Energy/Fuel a) Identification of alternative sources such as algae and other aquatic organisms; Hydrogen as alternative energy source.