By Carol Off
Award-winning writer and broadcaster Carol Off finds the interesting -- and sometimes scary -- tales in the back of our hope for all issues chocolate.
Whether it's a part of a Hallowe'en haul, the contents of a heart-shaped field or simply a sweet bar stashed in a table drawer, chocolate is synonymous with pleasures either easy and lavish. yet at the back of the candy photo is a protracted heritage of exploitation. within the eighteenth century the eu aristocracy went wild for the Aztec delicacy. In later years, colonial territories have been ravaged and slaves imported in droves as local populations died out lower than the tension of feeding the world's urge for food for chocolate.
Carol Off strains the origins of the cocoa craze and follows chocolate's evolution less than such overseers as Hershey, Cadbury and Mars. In Côte d'Ivoire, the West African state that produces approximately 1/2 the world's cocoa beans, she follows a gloomy and unsafe seam of greed. opposed to a backdrop of civil battle and corruption, desperately bad farmers interact in appalling practices equivalent to the indentured servitude of younger boys -- kids who don't even recognize what chocolate tastes like.
Off exhibits that, with the complicity of Western governments and firms, unethical practices proceed to thrive. sour Chocolate is a social background, a passionate investigative account and an eye-opening exposé of the workings of a multi-billion greenback that has institutionalized distress because it served our pleasures.
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Extra resources for Bitter Chocolate: Investigating the Dark Side of the World's Most Seductive Sweet
Yet, you’re not speaking it as fluently as you want to – as you need to. No, there’s nothing wrong with you. Many persons learning English feel as you do. They’ve reached a certain point in their ability to speak the language and just can’t seem to advance any farther. Unfortunately, they believe that what they’ve learned is all that they can learn. They’ve tried and tried to reach that next level fluency but to no avail. Does this sound like your story? Are you ready to throw up your hands and give up, thinking any more progress is hopeless?
It’s time to step back and analyze what needs changed in your approach to learning. Instead of going any further in your pursuit of learning the spoken English language, you need to look into your own thinking to discover if you’re holding any “limiting beliefs” holding you back. These are really myths that many people hold as the truth about their ability to learn to speak English fluently that, quite frankly, just aren’t true. Here are five of the most common limiting beliefs that students of English believe are natural barriers to their learning.
We discuss this in more depth in the following chapter. Chapter 5: Improve Your Listening, Your Fluency Will Follow It’s nearly impossible to talk about enhancing your fluency in English without talking about the act of listening. The two are intertwined. The only way to truly speak the language like a native is to listen to those who already speak it well. While you may believe you’ve been “listening” all this time, perhaps it’s time to dig into what’s involved in the listening process – especially the more advanced listening skills that every language student needs.