By Angus Konstam
The release of HMS Dreadnought in 1906 replaced the face of naval battle. This innovative new battleship was once in a league of her personal, in a position to taking over any "pre-dreadnought" battleships in a instantly struggle. A naval fingers race among Britain and Germany, as either nations hurriedly equipped a fleet of those strong new warships. This race led inexorably to the outbreak of an international warfare. in the course of global warfare I those dreadnoughts shaped the spine of the British Grand Fleet. In may well 1916, those battleships placed to sea to intercept their opposite numbers within the German excessive Seas fleet. the end result used to be the conflict of Jutland, a bruising high-stakes stumble upon the place the layout and building of Britain's innovative new battleships used to be positioned to the try out. the 1st half-dozen dreadnoughts have been all advancements of the elemental Dreadnought layout, all wearing ten 12-inch weapons. It used to be merely in 1911, with the release of HMS Neptune that the format of this robust armament used to be altered due to sensible adventure. extra models of the Neptune entered provider later that very same yr. those 9 more desirable dreadnoughts shaped the center of the British excessive Seas Fleet. they might quickly, notwithstanding, be outclassed via a brand new breed of "super dreadnoughts", the topic of the second one quantity during this two-part tale. whereas those new battleships carried higher 13.5-inch weapons, they proved much less winning as all-round battleships than their extra lightly-armed predecessors. Naval architects have been slowly studying that with glossy battleships, layout concerned a compromise among firepower, safeguard and pace. One final 12-inch gun dreadnought entered carrier in 1914, whilst a seven turret battleship being equipped for the Turks used to be commandeered via the Royal army, and re-named HMS Agincourt. This New leading edge identify, the 1st of 2 masking those well-known warships will discover the total tale of the British battleships of worldwide conflict I. The publication will examine their innovative layout, the 12-inch weapons that supplied them with their firepower, and how those weapons have been fired in anger.
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Extra info for British Battleships 1914-18 (1): The Early Dreadnoughts (New Vanguard, Volume 200)
Com INDEX Numbers in bold refer to illustrations. Agamemnon, HMS 7 Agincourt, HMS 14, 23–24, 23, 24, 33, 42–43 specifications 29 wartime modifications 42 wartime service 46 Argentina 21, 23–24 Asquith, Herbert 14 Bacon, Captain Reginald 13 Bannerman-Campbell, Henry 13–14 Bellerophon, HMS 14–15, 17, 17, 45 Bellerophon class 7, 10, 16–17, 33 specifications 25 wartime modifications 40–41 wartime service 45 Brazil 21, 23–24 Churchill, Winston 24 coaling ships 9, 10 Collingwood, HMS 18–19, 45 Colossus, HMS 23, 42, 46 Colossus class 21, 22–23, 33, 36 specifications 29 wartime modifications 38, 42 wartime service 46 Committee on Designs 8–9 Deadman, Henry 8 design and development 5–24 Agincourt see Agincourt, HMS Bellerophon class see Bellerophon class the big gun battleship 7–9, 13 Colossus class see Colossus class Dreadnought see Dreadnought, HMS gunnery fire control see fire control Neptune see Neptune, HMS new features 5 pre-dreadnoughts see pre-dreadnoughts rebuilding the fleet 13–14 St Vincent class see St Vincent class steam turbines for propulsion 4, 5, 8, 10, 12 Director of Naval Construction (DNC) see Watts, Sir Philip Dreadnought, HMS 4–5, 7, 9–13, 10–11, 12, 16–17, 26–27 armaments 5, 9–10, 20, 29, 33, 44 armour 12, 36 design and construction 8–9 defects/criticisms 13, 20 officer accommodation under bridge 12–13 propulsion and speed 12, 13 era of naval history named after 4, 10–11 largest/most powerful warship in world 4, 6, 9, 10 launched 4, 9, 13, 14 specifications 25 wartime modifications 40 wartime service 44–45 dreadnoughts armaments 5, 9–10, 20, 21, 23, 24, 29–30, 32, 33, 37 homogenous main armament 5, 10, 29 lacking secondary armaments 7, 10 main battery 33–34 building programme 4–5, 6 design and development see design and development other countries building 5, 14, 17 ‘super dreadnoughts’ 21, 23 Durston, Chief Sir John 8 fighting potential 29–37 fire control see fire control main battery 33–34 protection 36–37 fire control 5, 10, 10, 30–33 Barr and Stroud coincidence rangefinder 30, 31 Dreyer Fire Control Table 31–32, 31 Fisher, Admiral Sir John 4, 7–10, 12, 13, 14, 16, 17, 33 Germany dreadnoughts 20, 30, 34 building 5, 14, 17 Helgoland class (Germany) 30, 34 Hercules, HMS 22, 23, 34–35, 46 wartime modifications 42 Hibernia, HMS 5 Hood, HMS 6, 13 Hood, Sir Arthur 6 Italy: ship-building 8 Japan: dreadnought/ship-building 8, 17 Jellicoe, Admiral Sir John 14, 16, 41 Jutland, battle of (1916) 7, 10, 14–15, 37, 38, 42, 44,-46 Krupp armour 6, 12, 34 Liberal Government 13–14, 22 Lloyd George, D.
Both Neptune and the two Colossus-class ships kept their boats clear of the guns by carrying them on a flying bridge mounted above the wing turrets. This shows Neptune as she appeared in 1914, before her forward flying bridge was removed, and Hercules as she looked at Jutland. com The armoured protection of the Colossus-class dreadnoughts represented an improvement over the Neptune, but to save weight protection was still concentrated on the waterline belt, the conning tower and the turret barbettes.
Additional lifesaving equipment was also provided after Jutland in the shape of Carley rafts. Searchlights were concentrated onto specially built platforms beneath the funnels. Gunnery modifications included the provision of range clocks in the masts, and deflection scales painted on the after turret to provide target information to the ships astern if the dreadnought formed part of a line astern formation. F HMS VANGUARD IN SCAPA FLOW HMS Vanguard was a St Vincent-class dreadnought, which in turn was only a minor variation of the original Dreadnought.